Sculptor, born in Castleford, West Yorkshire, N England, UK. He studied at the Royal College of Art, London, where he taught sculpture (1924–31), moving to the Chelsea School of Art (1931–9). Recognized as one of the most original and powerful modern sculptors, his style is based on the organic forms and undulations found in landscape and natural rocks, and influenced by primitive African and Mexican art. He achieved the spatial, three-dimensional quality of sculpture by the piercing of his figures. Principal commissions included the ‘Madonna and Child’ in St Matthew’s Church, Northampton (1943–4), the decorative frieze (1952) on the Time Life building, London, and the monumental female reclining figures for the UNESCO building in Paris (1958) and the Lincoln Center in New York City (1965). Major collections can be seen at the Henry Moore Sculpture Center, Toronto, The Tate Gallery, London, and at his former home in Much Hadham, Hertfordshire.