Marquis de Vauvenargues
Moralist and essayist, born in Aix-en-Provence, SE France. A soldier, he served in the wars of the Polish (1733–9) and Austrian (1740–8) successions, but his health failed and he lost his sight after smallpox. He turned to literature, spending the rest of his life in Paris in poverty. A friend of Mirabeau, Voltaire, and Marmontel, he gathered notes written during his life in Maximes (1746), whose universal visions recall those of Kant, but met with no success.